As a small business owner, sometimes it can feel as though your message is getting lost amid all the marketing noise—particularly when larger competitors have blanketed your customers with advertising blitzes.
You do have a valuable competitive advantage, however: The ability to increase business by reaching your top existing customers on a personal level and inspiring them to refer their friends, family and co-workers to your business.
Increasingly, building referral programs is the top marketing strategy for small-business owners. In a 2014 survey conducted by the online small-business network Manta and BIA/Kelsey, more than half of the nearly 1,000 small business owners who participated said they still rely on word-of-mouth or paper-based programs for customer loyalty and referrals.
Mark Deutsch, a Richmond, Virginia-based marketing and networking consultant, says he is seeing small businesses succeed by spending less time and money on formal advertising campaigns and putting more effort into converting happy customers into loyal referral sources.
To ensure outreach and marketing efforts targeted toward your existing customers are worthwhile, you need to establish the groundwork for a referral program so you can maximize the benefits and measure the results.
Build a strong foundation
Before you encourage customers to spread the word about your business, step back and make sure that your products or services are worth referring, that you are providing each customer with a personal, positive experience and that you are ready to build your business presence.
“The first step is to get your house in order and understand your client base,” Deutsch says.
Be confident that your finances are in order, your business plan is set, your mission is clear and that you have the right staff and facilities to satisfy existing customers—and take on new ones.
Survey your customers
Customers tend to make referrals when a business is sound and goes above and beyond to meet or exceed their needs and expectations. It is important to know if your business is achieving that goal from the customers’ perspective—and the easiest way to find out is to ask them directly.
Give customers an ongoing opportunity to provide you with direct feedback. Deutsch suggests reaching out with a simple customer survey distributed through the channels in which your customers are most likely to engage. This may be in-person, through social networks like Facebook or business rating sites like Yelp, or through email or comment cards.
The survey can ask questions such as: “On a scale of 1 to 10, how likely are you to refer us to friends and family?” and “How did you find our company?” Leave space for comments and contact information so you have the chance to follow up for more information.
If you have too many people on the low end of the scale, assess their concerns and make changes before moving ahead. As you directly address consumer complaints or comments, you can get back in touch with them to let them know you’ve taken action based on their feedback.
Understand the data
In addition to surveys, you may also want to request referrals from your top clients. The same Manta/BIA Kelsey survey reports that repeat customers spend 67 percent more than new customers. Consider connecting with your loyal customers on social networks, offering limited-time incentives, or hosting an event where they can bring family and friends. The key is to do your homework ahead of time to know who is in your clients’ networks, what their needs might be and how they like to do business.
To better know your customers, Deutsch recommends closely tapping into available information, starting with what you might already know from your records—how long they have been a customer and how much they typically spend. This lets you sort out your top-tier—and often top-referring—clients from others and target your efforts to reach the right people.
“If you’ve got an existing client base, database management is critical,” Deutsch says. “It doesn’t need to be super complex, and you don’t need to spend thousands of dollars—it can be as simple as a spreadsheet.”
Deutsch looks for a 10-to-1 return on investment when it comes to referring customers. For every $100 you spend reaching out to your top clients, you should see $1,000 come back in added profits.
“The best programs I’ve seen really leverage what I call the principles of influence,” he says. “Embed reciprocity within your programs so you are consistently giving to your clients, and they are giving referrals right back.”