Buying and Selling

5 Things That Are Usually Covered Under Your Home Inspection (And 5 That Are Not)

You probably know a home inspection is part of the home-buying process. But do you know what the inspection includes? Avoid unexpected expenses by getting a home inspector to examine it. Check out more below to learn what to expect when you’re inspecting.

What's Usually Covered

Even for a new home, you want to ensure that everything is to code and sound. The details vary from state to state, but here are some basics about what you can probably expect:

Structural Elements

The inspector will check out the main structure of the house, such as the walls, roof and foundation. For the roof (and attic), the inspector will check the framing, ventilation, and the flashing and gutters. If your home has a garage, the inspector will evaluate the garage's slab, walls and ceiling, and will make sure the garage door functions properly.


Want to make sure your toilets, showers and sinks are all functioning? The inspector will check those areas, as well as identify your pipe materials. They will look for signs of damaged or leaking pipes, and will also check the hot water temperature.

Exterior Elements

This part of the inspection may encompass everything from landscaping to grading, doors to windows, driveways and fences. While you may not think the exterior features are that important, they can impact drainage (among other things) and you do not want a home that will flood at the first heavy rain.

HVAC Systems, Components and Appliances

Your home won't be comfortable for long if the furnace and air conditioning units don't work! The inspector should also check the water heater, fireplaces and sprinklers. As far as appliances, odds are your home will come with a dishwasher or range. The inspector will check these items out as well as smoke detectors and any other built-in appliances.


During the electrical part of the inspection, your home inspector will look over the main electrical panel, the home's circuit breakers, the house's wiring, and any fans and lighting fixtures.

What's Usually Not Covered

While no one wants this trio of unwelcome guests in their homes, a home inspection may not include a check for them. You might want to ask your home inspector if these issues are a part of the inspection:

Pests (and Rodents!)

While your home inspector will probably alert you of any suspicious signs of a past or present infestation, your inspection will generally not include a complete check for issues.


Once again, while your inspector may make note of something they see or smell (like some dark spots under the kitchen sink for example), a true mold and mildew test is generally a separate, specific inspection.

Asbestos or Lead

Older homes may still contain lead paint, lead pipes or asbestos insulation. You may want to ask the inspector how you can find out if your home contains these materials, so you can safeguard your family against possible exposure.

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